Paraphrasing in counselling carl rogers songs list

A counsellor can encourage a client to continue to talk, open up more freely and explore issues in greater depth by providing accurate responses through encouraging, paraphrasing and summarising. Responding in this way informs the client that the counsellor has accurately heard what they have been saying. Encouragers, paraphrases and summaries are basic to helping a client feel understood.

Encouragers, also known as intentional listeninginvolve fully attending to the client, thus allowing them to explore their feelings and thoughts more completely. Paraphrasing and summarising are more active ways of communicating to the client that they have been listened to. Summarising is particularly useful to help clients organise their thinking. The diagram below shows how encouragers, paraphrases and summaries are on different points of a continuum, each building on more of the information provided by the client to accurately assess issues and events.

Encouragers — Encouragers are a variety of verbal and non-verbal ways of prompting clients to continue talking. Encouragers simply encourage the client to keep talking. For a counsellor to have more influence on the direction of client progress they would need to make use of other techniques.

Paraphrases — To paraphrase, the counsellor chooses the most important details of what the client has just said and reflects them back to the client. Paraphrases can be just a few words or one or two brief sentences.

Paraphrasing is not a matter of simply repeating or parroting what the client has stated. Rather it is capturing the essence of what the client is saying, through rephrasing. Example: I have just broken up with Jason. The way he was treating me was just too much to bear. Every time I tried to touch on the subject with him he would just clam up. I feel so much better now.

Summaries — Summaries are brief statements of longer excerpts from the counselling session.

paraphrasing in counselling carl rogers songs list

In summarising, the counsellor attends to verbal and non-verbal comments from the client over a period of time, and then pulls together key parts of the extended communication, restating them for the client as accurately as possible.We cannot change, we cannot move away from what we are, until we thoroughly accept what we are. Then change seems to come about almost unnoticed. Carl Rogers. We think we listen, but very rarely do we listen with real understanding, true empathy. Yet listening, of this very special kind, is one of the most potent forces for change that I know.

When the other person is hurting, confused, troubled, anxious, alienated, terrified; or when he or she is doubtful of self-worth, uncertain as to identity—then understanding is called for. The gentle and sensitive companionship offered by an empathic person… provides illumination and healing. In such situations deep understanding is, I believe, the most precious gift one can give to another. People are just as wonderful as sunsets if I can let them be.

When I look at a sunset, I don't find myself saying, "Soften the orange a little on the right hand corner, and put a bit more purple along the base, and use a little more pink in the cloud color. I watch it with awe as it unfolds. I realize that if I were stable and steady and static, I would be living death.

So I accept confusion and uncertainty and fear and emotional highs and lows because they are the price I willingly pay for a flowing, perplexing, exciting life. The good life is a processnot a state of being.

It is a direction, not a destination. Experience is, for me, the highest authority. The touchstone of validity is my own experience. No other person's ideas, and none of my own ideas, are as authoritative as my experience. It is to experience that I must return again and again, to discover a closer approximation to truth as it is in the process of becoming me.

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The kind of caring that the client-centered therapist desires to achieve is a gullible caring, in which clients are accepted as they say they are, not with a lurking suspicion in the therapist's mind that they may, in fact, be otherwise.

Am I living in a way which is deeply satisfying to me, and which truly expresses me?

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One of the most revolutionary concepts to grow out of our clinical experience is the growing recognition that the innermost core of man's nature—the deepest layers of his personality, the base of his 'animal nature'—is basically socialized, forward-moving, rational and realistic He is realistically able to control himself, and he is incorrigibly socialized in his desires. There is no beast in man; there is only man in man. There is another peculiar satisfaction in really hearing someone: It is like listening to the music of the spheres, because beyond the immediate message of the person, no matter what that might be, there is the universal.

Hidden in all of the personal communications which I really hear, there seem to be orderly psychological laws, aspects of the same order we find in the universe as a whole. So there is both the satisfaction of hearing this person and also the satisfaction of feeling one's self in touch with what is universally true.

We in the West seem to have made a fetish out of complete individual self-sufficiency, of not needing help, of being completely private except in a very few selected relationships. Powerful is our need to be known, really known by ourselves and others, even if only for a moment. The only person who cannot be helped is that person who blames others.

In my early professional years, I was asking the question: How can I treat, or cure, or change this person? Now I would phrase the question in this way: How can I provide a relationship which this person may use for his own personal growth?

Spotted out-of-date info or broken links? Email: brokenlink counsellingtutor. Rory has over 10 years expereince as a counselling tutor.

He shares his best tips on how to get the most from your counselling studies.Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising.

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Reflecting Content and Feeling

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paraphrasing in counselling carl rogers songs list

We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime. Skills in Counseling. Upcoming SlideShare. Like this presentation? Why not share! Embed Size px. Start on. Show related SlideShares at end.

WordPress Shortcode. Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Keerthana Ramasamy at svapas innovations. No Downloads. Views Total views. Actions Shares. No notes for slide. Skills in Counseling 1. How to paraphrase?? The counselor uses an "as if" quality to sensing the client's world as one's own. You just clipped your first slide! Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Visibility Others can see my Clipboard. Cancel Save.This known as paraphrasing. Reflecting and paraphrasing should not only contain what is being said but what emotion or feeling the client is expressing. Client Mohammed : My ex-wife phoned me yesterday; she told me that our daughter Nafiza who is only 9 is very ill after a car accident.

I am feeling very scared for her. Counsellor: So, Mohammed, you have had some bad news about your little girl, who has been involved in an accident.

You are frightened for her and also have worries over money now you have lost your job. You might reflect back the whole sentence, or you might select a few words — or even one single word — from what the client has brought.

This is a pity, as reflection can be very powerful. He really gets to me when he is non-accepting. So you can get clarification in this way.

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Paraphrasing is repeating back your understanding of the material that has been brought by the client, using your own words. We all use paraphrasing in our everyday lives. If you look at your studies to become a counsellor or psychotherapist, you paraphrase in class.

First of all, it helps the client to feel both heard and understood. The client brings their material, daring to share that with you. You paraphrase it down. And empathy is not a one-way transaction.

Carl Rogerspp. When the client feels at some level that they have been understood, then the empathy circle is complete. Spotted out-of-date info or broken links? Email: brokenlink counsellingtutor. Rory has over 10 years expereince as a counselling tutor. He shares his best tips on how to get the most from your counselling studies. This form collects your name and email address so that we can send you your handout, counselling study-related emails and offers.

Member Login - Click Here. Reflecting and Paraphrasing.

paraphrasing in counselling carl rogers songs list

Free Download: Reflection in Counselling Overview. Click here to download your Reflection in Counselling handout. Free Download: Paraphrasing in Counselling Overview.

Click here to download your Paraphrasing in Counselling handout. Client: Yes, yes Definition of Reflection in Counselling. Using Reflection to Clarify Our Understanding We can also use reflection to clarify our understanding, instead of using a question. Definition of Paraphrasing in Counselling. A paraphrase reflects the essence of what has been said. How Paraphrasing Builds Empathy How does paraphrasing affect the client-counsellor relationship?

We need you to confirm we can send this to you via email.Person centered therapy techniques aka as client centered therapy techniques, originally founded by Carl Rogers, put an emphasis on the client as an expert. It posits that people strive toward a state of self-actualization and therapy can help a client reach self-awareness. While some may argue that a person-centered therapist does not use techniques as much as they develop a therapeutic atmosphere, there are certain behaviors a therapist must perform to create the optimal environment.

Be Non-Directive Unlike most therapies, where a clinician may have an agenda for a particular session, a person centered therapist lets the client lead. Thus, the therapist is seen as an equal collaborator, rather than an authority who knows how to guide a person toward self-actualization.

This is the reason that Rogers referred to a person in therapy as a client rather than a patient. Although it may be tempting to offer guidance, it is important that the client is taking responsibility for their own life.

Unconditional Positive Regard One of the most important aspects of person centered therapy technique is that the therapist must exhibit unconditional positive regard for the client. In short, this means that they accept and care for the client as they are. This does not mean that the therapist always has to agree with the client but it does mean that they refrain from judgment.

It is essential that the client feels valued by the therapist. You might note that this resembles aspects of positive psychology; Rogers was ahead of his time. Congruence The development of self-concept was key to Rogers.

In order to be functioning at an optimal level, he thought that a person must balance their ideal self with how they experience their real self. When that is achieved, they obtain what he termed congruence. He believed congruence was necessary to become a highly functioning person and achieve life goals. It is thought that a client is usually in a state of incongruence when they enter therapy and a major part of their work is to achieve congruence.

To that end, Rogers believed that a therapist must be genuine with clients. He thought that their behavior and thoughts needed to match. In order to be effective, a client needs to believe that what a therapist is saying is the truth.

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This is a major diversion from much of psychodynamic psychology, where therapists were encouraged to hide their true selves from patients. Being genuine allows the therapist and client to build trust and models a healthy relationship. If a therapist is not exhibiting congruence, a client will not be able to achieve a similar state. Empathy It is essential that a therapist exhibit empathy while applying person centered therapy techniques. It should be noted that empathy is different from sympathy.The planning was taken care of for us, but we didn't have to travel with a group.

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Encouragers, Paraphrasing and Summarising

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Carl Rogers Quotes

Andrew and Jennifer, United Kingdom Iceland Full Circle, June 2016 Overall a fantastic holiday, beautiful scenery, wonderful food and very friendly locals. Heather and Larissa, Australia Express Iceland, May 2016 Only to say thank you for a wonderful holiday and trip of a lifetime. Alitta and Gwennyth, Canada Iceland Full Circle, May 2016 This was an amazing trip. Scott, United States Sweden in a Nutshell, May 2016 Overall, a very nice experience.

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Person Centered Therapy Techniques

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December 9, 2017 UFC 1. Furthermore, you need to quickly calculate the potential winnings for different bets, especially if the odds are changing while the event unfolds. Odds tell you the likelihood that an event will occur (a team wins, a boxer makes it a certain round) and how much will be paid out if you win. There are, however, multiple ways to convey this information.

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Create an accountCommunity DashboardRandom ArticleAbout UsCategoriesRecent ChangesWrite an ArticleRequest a New ArticleAnswer a RequestMore Ideas. Odds represent which team, horse, or athlete has the highest probability of winning. While there are different ways to write odds, they all indicate how likely one outcome is in comparison to another.

When I flip a coin, it is just as likely that I flip heads as tails. The odds are equal, or one to one. The odds are 80 to 20. Otherwise put, it is four times more likely that it will rain than stay sunny. Because circumstances may change spontaneously, odds may change as well. They are not an exact science. The most common use of odds is found when placing a bet on a sporting event.

Betting agencies use historical data and team statistics to predict who is more likely to win. Whoever has the highest odds is considered the "favorite. Betting on the underdog is riskier than betting on a favorite, but a higher risk means a higher potential reward.

The "longer the odds," or the less likely, the more money you could win. Many racetracks and betting establishments will have a booklet or pamphlet helping you learn terminology, but you should understand the lingo before you read odds. Some of the basic words include: Action: A bet or wager of any kind or amount. Bookie: Someone who accepts bets and sets odds. Hedging: Placing bets on the team with the high odds, and the low odds, to minimize loss.